In a first such attempt on another planet on March 8th, NASA will aim to fly the Creativity mini-helicopter, which is currently attached to the bellies of the Perseverance rover.
In a first such attempt on another planet on March 8th, NASA will aim to fly the Creativity mini-helicopter, which is currently attached to the bellies of the Perseverance rover. However, both he and his team back home must reach a set of challenging benchmarks before the 1,8 kg rotorcraft attempts its first powered flight.
"When NASA's Sojourner rover landed on Mars in 1997, it was demonstrated that the Red Planet was feasible and our approach to Mars exploration was totally redefined. We also want to understand the potential of Ingenuity in science research for the future, "Lori Glaze, NASA Headquarters Director of the Division of Planetary Science, said.
"Ingenuity is a demonstration of technology that is the first powered flight on the planet, and if it succeeds, our horizons will be expanded further and what Mars exploration is possible will be broadened," said Glaze in a declaration on Wednesday.
On the 21st of March, the rover deployed the composite graphite screen shaped like a guitar case to secure naïve people as they landed.
The rover is now on the "airfield," where Creativity attempts to fly.
Upon deployment, Ingenuity would have thirty Martian days, or sols, for its flight test campaigns (31 Earth days).
It's much harder to travel on Mars in a regulated manner than on Earth.
The Red Planet has a considerable gravity (approximately one-third that of the Earth), but its atmosphere is just 1 percent as thick on the surface.
In Martian days, only half of the solar energy that enters Earth during its daytime can be obtained in the atmosphere of the planet, and nighttime temperatures that can freeze and crack electrical components at a temperature of minus 90 degrees Celsius.
It needs enough energy to power internal heaters in order to withstand the cold Martian nights.
Bob Balaram, JPL Chief engineer at Mars Helicopter, said: "Every move that we have done since the journey began six years ago is the uncharted territory of the history of aircraft.
"Without the rover protecting and maintaining power, the survival of the first night alone on Mars would be a major challenge," Balaram added.
It takes about six soles to deploy the helicopter (six days, four hours on Earth). Ingenuity is attempting the first powered, controlled flight on another planet. In the wind-swept dunes of Kill Devil Hill, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina the first powered controlled flight was made on Earth on 17 December 1903.
In 12 seconds on the first flight, Orville and Wilbur Wright covered 120 feet. The Wright brothers flew four times the day, each more longer than the day before.
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