Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman allocated rupees 8,000 crore to the National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications in India in the Union Budget 2020, which was a bit surprising. Other countries should be cautious of this new partnership, which includes quantum computing and India. Despite the fact that quantum computing is one of the most popular hot innovations, this unexpected announcement in the Union Budget provided it much-needed attention and appreciation in India.
Quantum computers, if designed correctly, are expected to be able to complete certain algorithms substantially quicker than even the most powerful conventional computer now available. Quantum computers are projected to be useful in a variety of domains, including optimization and machine learning. Quantum technology is seen as the next step in making computers faster and more brilliant. It's now laying the groundwork for difficult codes, super-fast database searches, and machines that can do math at a breakneck speed. Such features will also be necessary if artificial intelligence is to be implemented on a bigger scale (AI).
While India is making strides in terms of advanced technology adoption, it is only slowly but surely joining the race for quantum dominance.
The Quantum Measurement and Control (QuMaC) Lab in TIFR, led by Dr. R. Vijayaraghavan, is India's sole established experimental group dealing with superconducting quantum devices. The group started in December 2012, became fully operational in January 2014, and has a few notable papers, including the invention of ultra-low noise broadband amplifiers for quantum measurements and the “trimon,” a unique three-qubit quantum processor.
Quantum computing in India has been studied for several years and is now progressively moving out of labs. The cloud is being used to make innovation more cost-effective. Because speed and security are at the heart of many verticals, the time is ideal. Filtering should be done based on the amount of data produced and the rate at which it is created. Quantum computing technology can help with this.
Ashutosh Sharma, the secretary of the Department of Science and Technology, explained how the government has begun mapping the individuals, groups, and resources in the country who may work in quantum technology. Sharma says that we already have good capability and that more has to be developed.
“We launched a modest program with 200 crore rupees over three years with the idea of cultivating capabilities in the system to be ready for bigger things”, says Sharma. "The architecture, structure, and processes of which is radically different from the way we have been doing things in the past and best practices and learning of which will be duplicated in the quantum mission,
India ’s national quantum mission, which will be overseen by DST, represents a significant increase over previous pledges. India will be able to make significant contributions to these revolutionary advancements thanks to the financial backing. The new objective would bring together researchers, industry pioneers, and government divisions to organise their efforts. One goal is to develop a 50-qubit computer in the next 4-5 years. This is a lofty aim, but considering the strength of the Indian ICT sector, it is entirely feasible. Strengthening alliances with like nations to gain headway could be beneficial to India.
In India, the number of quantum computing groups is gradually expanding. There were less than 100 global international journal papers on quantum computing from India in the recent decade. However, in order to compete in the battle for excellence , this number is growing. Different groups in India are working on quantum computing in the areas of computer algorithms, physics, electronics, and materials engineering. It's a region that's incredibly multidisciplinary. Algorithms, architectural difficulties for scalable frameworks, data storage, and data transmission will be dealt with by computer scientists and mathematicians, while others will focus on the physical realization of the basic aspects of quantum computers.
In the global race to build quantum computers, India has been available only in principle so far, compared to the United States, China, and a tiny group of other European nations that have spent a lot of money. There was no national program in India. It had a variety of theorists, but a couple in India were working to build a quantum computer system.
Around five years ago, a few experimental research organizations arose, and some of them have gained traction. Currently, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) needs to provide them with greater funding, as quantum computers are expected to be critical in addressing difficulties that will arise in the future.
Quantum computing businesses in India are breaking new ground in the field. QNu Labs, situated in Bengaluru, is India's first and only quantum-resilience firm, providing unwavering security products and solutions for the Cloud and the Internet. The institution primarily oversees Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), which entails the exchange of cryptographic keys only between two individuals using encoded quantum bits, also known as Qubits. This company also intends to operate in the QRNG (Quantum Random Number Generator) field, which can generate arbitrary numbers in hardware and plays an important role in quantum security.
The benefits of nanotechnology attempts might be channeled toward a specific national aim if these research organizations focus on quantum computing, putting India on the map as a major contributor to quantum computing efforts around the world.
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Source- Analytics insight, Buinessworld